1. Secure a Land
Any location is good since fish doesn’t cause any environmental disturbance. Look for a land where you can get it cheap and buy. Depending on the capacity you want to operate on, a half plot of land is just good enough for an average fish farm.
However, you may go for something bigger like a full plot or two if you can afford it probably for convenience's sake. If you already have a compound with leftover space you think can accommodate two or three ponds, you may use it.
2. Construct Ponds
You need to engage the service of an expert pond construction engineer or you go to another fish farm to get the specification and construction requirements. The plumbing work must be properly done to ensure proper drainage.
3. Dig a Borehole
Adequate water supply is the lifeblood of fish farms and lack of it may result in disaster because water needs to be changed on a regular interval. Naturally available sources of water such as borehole and river water are the most suitable. Rainwater and tap water from the chemically treated source is not recommended for fish cultivation.
4. Install Overhead Tank
This is the water reservoir from which water is supplied to your ponds. This tank has to be connected to your ponds through the plumbing system to make it convenient for water to flow into your ponds when needed.
5. Get Juvenile Fish
Get your juvenile from another farm that specializes in supplying it. You need to go for the high yield species of catfish or tilapia and make sure you are getting it from a healthy farm.
6. Get Training
Not the kind of training you get from one-day seminars; you need to get attached to a fish farm for a proper apprenticeship. For you to properly learn this trade, you need at least two months of training on this.
Remember that your investment is at stake, trial and error is not good in business except you have unlimited funds to experiment.